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14 CFR Part 61 SFAR 73

Introduction

Since March 27, 1995, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has established specific training requirements for Robinson R22 and R44 helicopters. These requirements apply to students under instruction, pilots acting as pilot in command (PIC), and flight instructors. Here is a brief explanation of what they really mean.

While the SFAR 73 regulation expired March 31, 2008, it was renewed a few days later and takes effect retroactively.

Everyone

In order for someone to manipulate the controls of an R22 or R44 helicopter, they must have received "awareness training" from an authorized flight instructor (CFI). The CFI must issue the student an endorsement stating that the student has received awareness training.

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________ has received the awareness training required by SFAR 73, 2 (A)(3)(i-v) on __________ (Date).

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

Solo Student

In order for a student to solo in an R22 (assuming the student does not hold a rotorcraft helicopter rating), he/she must have logged 20 hours of flight with a CFI (dual-instruction), and obtain not only the standard solo endorsements (in logbook and on student pilot license), but he/she must also obtain an SFAR solo endorsement.

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________ meets the experience requirements of 2 (b)(3) and has been given training specified by SFAR 73 paragraph 2 (b)(3)(i-iv). He/She has been found proficient to solo the R22.

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

If the student wishes to skip the R22 and start in the R44, he/she must log 20 hours of dual-instruction in the R44 and obtain not only the standard solo endorsements (in logbook and on student pilot license), but he/she must also obtain an SFAR solo endorsement.

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________ meets the experience requirements of 2 (b)(3) and has been given training specified by SFAR 73 paragraph 2 (b)(4)(i-iv). He/She has been found proficient to solo the R44.

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

Act as Pilot in Command

In order for a certificated pilot to act as PIC in an R22, he/she must have logged at least 10 hours of dual-instruction in the R22 and receive an endorsement. The pilot must receive a flight review every 12 months until he/she accumulates at least 50 hours in the R22 and 200 hours in helicopters.

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________ has been given training specified by SFAR 73 paragraph 2 (b)(1)(ii)(A-D) for Robinson R22 aircraft and is proficient to act as pilot-in-command.

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

In order for a certificated pilot to as as PIC in an R44, he/she must have logged at least 10 hours of dual-instruction in the R44 and receive an endorsement. As pilot can credit up to 5 hours of dual-instruction in the R22 towards the 10 hour requirement. The pilot must receive a flight review every 12 months until he/she accumulates at least 50 hours in the R44 and 200 hours in helicopters. A pilot can credit up to 25 hours of flight time in the R22 towards the 50 hour requirement.

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________ has been given training specified by SFAR 73 paragraph 2 (b)(2)(ii)(A-D) for Robinson R44 aircraft and is proficient to act as pilot-in-command.

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

Flight Instructors

In order for a flight instructor to instruct in an R22 he/she must accumulate 50 hours in the R22 and 200 hours in helicopters. He/she must obtain an endorsement from a designated pilot examiner (DPE).

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________, holder of Flight Instructor Certificate Number __________, meets the experience requirements and has completed the flight training specified by Section 2 (B)(5)(i-ii)(A-D), and has demonstrated an ability to provide instruction on the general subject areas of Section 2 (2)(3) and the flight training identified in Section 2 (b)(5)(iii) in a Robinson R22 helicopter."

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

In order for a flight instructor to instruct in an R44 he/she must accumulate 50 hours in the R44 and 200 hours in helicopters. Up to 25 hours in the R22 may be credited to the 50 hour requirement. He/she must obtain an endorsement from a DPE.

The endorsement is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________, holder of Flight Instructor Certificate Number __________, meets the experience requirements and has completed the flight training specified by Section 2 (b)(5)(i-ii)(A-D), and has demonstrated an ability to provide instruction on the general subject areas of Section 2 (a)(3) and the flight training identified in Section 2 (b)(5)(iii) in a Robinson R44 helicopter."

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

Flight Review

A pilot must take his/her flight review in the R22 if he/she wishes to act as PIC in the R22. A pilot must take his/her flight review in the R44 if he/she wishes to act as PIC in the R44. (Meaning if the pilot flies both aircrafts, he/she needs two flight reviews.) The pilot must obtain an endorsement from an CFI.

The endorsement for the R22 is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________, holder of Pilot Certificate Number __________, has satisfactorily completed the Flight Review required by FAR Part 61.56 and SFAR 73, Section 2 (c)(1) and (3) on _____.

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

The endorsement for the R44 is as follows:

I certify that Mr./Ms. _______________, holder of Pilot Certificate Number __________, has satisfactorily completed the Flight Review required by FAR Part 61.56 and SFAR 73, Section 2 (c)(2) and (3) on _____.

__________ (Instructor) __________ (Certificate Number) __________ (Exp. Date)

Currency

In order to carry passengers during the day in an R22 or R44, the pilot must have logged at least 3 takeoffs and landings in the preceding 90 days in the R22 or R44 respectively. (Meaning if the pilot flies both aircrafts, he/she needs to log 3 takeoffs/landings in each.)

In order to carry passengers at night in an R22 or R44, the pilot must have logged at least 3 takeoffs and landings to a full stop in the preceding 90 days in the R22 or R44 respectively. (Meaning if the pilot flies both aircrafts, he/she needs to log 3 takeoffs/landings in each.)

More Information

For more information, feel free to come into Bootcamp Helicopters and speak with one of our flight instructors. We are more than happy to look through your logbook and help you make a plan to meet the SFAR training requirements.

You can also consult the FAA website for the SFAR 73 to Part 61 regulations.